I had the pleasure of helping some friends in need this week. Seems that both their water heaters had gone cold and they couldn’t get the pilot lights to stay on. As much as these two work out, they really do need showers!! Well, I got there and sure enough I could get the pilot lights to light but after they brought the tank up to temp and the main burner went off, the pilot lights went out as well. BOTH of them?!?! Very weird. Most likely one had been out and the other one was forced to work harder and the problem was discovered when the second one finally failed. These are gas water heaters from AO Smith and only about 5 years old. Things do not look promising. When I looked in the chamber at the bottom where the burner is located, both burner assemblies were covered quite liberally with rust flakes. I think I can safely say that you don’t want to see signs of rusting on the inside part of an appliance that holds 40-50 gallons of really hot water with the ability of more water to flow into the appliance if it suddenly loses the 40-50 gallons. Not cool, in layman’s terms. All this aside, it did make me think of a useful post. We’ll start by going through a brief troubleshooting checklist for a gas water heater.
You turn on the hot water faucet and you don’t have hot water and the hot water side of the faucet is full on. First thing on my checklist, did my wife take one of her 45 minute boiling hot, turn your skin red as a lobster showers just before you? No, ok on to the next step. Did you pay your gas bill? Yes? Great, keep it up (Hey, there was a time when I was young and a little “forgetful”). On to the next step. We are now to the point of visiting the water heater. Go down to the basement and locate the water heater. Say HI and introduce yourself. “I’m Travis and I like long walk on the beach….”. Sorry, I got a little carried away. Next, remove the outer flame shield and the inner one if there is one and take a look inside. You should see a pilot light at the very least. You probably won’t since you already determined that you don’t have any hot water and I am confident in your powers of deduction. Stay with me now, try to relight your pilot light. There should be instructions printed on the front of the water heater unit. It will either be an electric ignition or a manual light. Follow the directions to a T and be patient. Most likely what will happen is you will be able to start the pilot light but it will not stay lit on its own. This brings us to the meat of the issue. You no doubt have a bad OR dirty thermocouple. The thermocouple is like the gate-keeper for gas flow. If the thermocouple does not sense the presence of a flame it shuts everything down. It’s a safety feature for you. We wouldn’t want the flame to be out and gas to keep pouring out into our basement. Good news, though. You can buy a universal thermocouple at a home improvement store for about $10! Compare that to a weekend service call for a plumber and it will be well worth it. As far as tools, I’m sorry to say that you only really need a crescent wrench and some steel wool or fine grit emory cloth. I bet you were at least hoping to be able to buy a cool new tool, bummer! (Side note, if you have a sealed combustion chamber on your water heater you need to be much more adventurous to tackle this. The two I fixed for my friends were this type but I triumphed. That’s right, I’m bad!)
On to the thermocouple. Grab some fine steel wool or emory paper for this next step. After you have turned your gas off and pulled out the burner plate from the bottom of the water heater we will clean off the thermocouple (see pics).
I want you to scrub the end of the thermocouple with the steel wool or the fine grit emory cloth. It doesn’t have to be Martha Stewart clean, just wiped down a bit. We are going to reassemble everything to see if this takes care of it, if not the thermocouple will need to be replaced. Go through all the lighting steps again. Goes without saying, but also turn the gas back on. I say this because I forgot to on this last job and thought I made things worse. Woops :). I also like to vacuum out the area under the water heater while everytrhing is out if needed.
Lit and stayed lit! Start singing “We Are The Champions” and grab a beer. You are the King/Queen for the day and don’t let anyone forget it for at least one day, seriously.
Lit but would not stay lit. Don’t panic and/or tell anyone. King/Queen for the day is still up for grabs. Gas off, take everything back apart. This is where you need to remove the thermocouple and replace with the universal one you bought. Just install in reverse of the removal. Put back together and warm up those pipes (Vocal, that is).
This should do it. Milk this victory for everything it is worth. Play tired so your significant other will grab you beers while you rest on the couch, see if you can work pancakes in the morning, etc. On the serious side, you will have saved yourself some good dinero though. If these steps did not work, drop me a comment and I will try to guide you through some other options.
Thanks for reading,
That Home Inspector Guy